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农业补贴与农村家庭非农创业——基于中国家庭金融调查(CHFS)数据的实证分析
更新日期:2021-05-14     浏览次数:45
核心提示:摘要利用中国家庭金融调查(CHFS)2013年和2015年两轮调查数据,本文分析了农业补贴对农村家庭非农创业决策的影响及作用机制。研究发现:农业补贴对农村家

摘要 利用中国家庭金融调查(CHFS)2013年和2015年两轮调查数据,本文分析了农业补贴对农村家庭非农创业决策的影响及作用机制。研究发现:农业补贴对农村家庭非农创业有显著的抑制作用。相比"雇佣他人"型家庭非农创业,农业补贴对"包含自雇"型家庭非农创业抑制作用更为明显。在考虑了内生性问题后,农业补贴对家庭非农创业的负向影响仍具有稳健性。实证结果表明:农村家庭获得农业补贴金额每增加1%,选择非农创业的概率会降低6.42%,农业补贴对中青年家庭和粮食主产区家庭非农创业的负向影响更为明显;机制分析表明:农业补贴对家庭非农创业影响的作用机制主要是通过抑制土地流出和家庭非农就业,促进扩大土地经营规模,从而改变了家庭的农业生产决策,降低了家庭选择非农创业的概率。 based on the data of China Household Finance Survey(CHFS)from 2013 to 2015,this paper analyzes the impact of agricultural subsidies on decision-making of rural household non-agricultural entrepreneurship and its mechanism.The study found that agricultural subsidies have a significant inhibitory effect on household non-agricultural entrepreneurship,and the impact of agricultural subsidies on"self-employing"household non-agricultural entrepreneurship is bigger than that of"employing others"household non-agricultural entrepreneurship.After considering the endogenous nature,the negative impact of agricultural subsidies on household non-agricultural entrepreneurship is still robust.On average,the probability of choosing non-agricultural entrepreneurship will decrease by 6.42%for every 1%increase in the amount of agricultural subsidies that households receive.The sub-sample results show that agricultural subsidies have a more significant inhibitory effect on entrepreneurship decision-making of young and middle-aged households and households in major grain-producing areas.The mechanism analysis shows that the mechanism of the impact of agricultural subsidies on household non-agricultural entrepreneurship mainly includes restraining land transfer out and household non-agricultural employment,it promotes the expansion of land management scale,thus changing household agricultural production decision-making.It reduces the probability of households choosing non-agricultural entrepreneurship.
作者 缪书超 钱龙 宋亮 MIAO Shuchao;QIAN Long;SONG Liang
出处 《农业经济问题》 北大核心 2021年第3期62-74,共13页 Issues in Agricultural Economy
基金 国家自然科学基金青年项目“农地确权、调整经历与农户耕地质量保护行为:机理与实证”(编号:71803077) 国家自然科学基金面上项目“家庭农场创业代际传递:弹性测度、内在机理及匹配效应”(编号:71773045) 教育部人文社会科学青年基金“农地确权对农户土壤保护性投资行为的影响研究:作用机制及调整经历的调节效应”(编号:18YJC90128) 江苏省社会科学基金“江苏农民工社会融合的测度、经验及对策研究”(编号:19EYD009)。
关键词 农业补贴 非农创业 土地流转 Agricultural subsidies Non-agricultural entrepreneurial Land transfer