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家庭农场的现实状况与培育路径研究--基于浙江省142 个家庭农场的调查
更新日期:2021-05-28     浏览次数:60
核心提示:摘要家庭农场因其比较优势或成为新时代乡村振兴的有效路径,本质是一种从事适度规模化经营和商品化经营并建立类企业化管理制度的新型家庭式农业企业组

摘要 家庭农场因其比较优势或成为新时代乡村振兴的有效路径,本质是一种从事适度规模化经营和商品化经营并建立类企业化管理制度的新型家庭式农业企业组织。掌握家庭农场现状对其健康培育具有重要价值。使用描述统计方法分析家庭农场的现实状况,结果表明,家庭农场呈现微弱的非家庭经营趋势,平均土地经营面积初具规模,农产品商品化程度水平较高,但普遍尚未建立规范的企业管理制度,现实状况与理论标准存在一定偏离。因此,应提升农业机械水平,改善土地流转环境,丰富市场营销渠道,加强职业培训教育,培育以家庭式经营为本质,适度规模化、商品化经营和类企业管理等为表现特征的家庭农场,实现其健康发展。 Family farm becomes an effective path for rural revitalization in the new era because of its comparative advantages.In essence,family farm is a new family type agricultural enterprise organization which is engaged in moderate scale operation and commercial operation and establishes a kind of enterprise management system.The reality of family farm was analyzed by descriptive statistical method.The results showed that family farm showed a weak trend of non-family management,the average land management area begun to take shape,the degree of commercialization of agricultural products reached a higher level,and generally standardized enterprise management system was not be established.Therefore,there was a certain deviation between the reality of family farm and the theoretical standards.In order to cultivate family farm with family management as the essence,moderate scale,commercial operation and similar enterprise management as the performance characteristics,the level of agricultural machinery should be improved,the environment of land circulation should be improved,marketing channels should be enriched,and vocational training and education should be strengthened.
作者 陈德仙 白雪冰 胡浩 CHEN Dexian;BAI Xuebing;HU Hao(School of Economics and Management,Nanjing Agricultural University,Nanjing 210095,China)
出处 《农业经济与管理》 2021年第1期38-45,共8页 Agricultural Economics and Management
基金 国家社会科学基金重点项目(19AGL020)。
关键词 乡村振兴 家庭农场 比较优势 现实状况 培育路径 rural revitalization family farm comparative advantage reality cultivation path